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Chino Valley Ranchers
Egg Facts: Which came first?  
Egg Facts: FAQ

#1 How long are eggs good for?
#2 Do I need to refrigerate eggs?
#3 What is the difference between a brown and white egg?
#4 What is Omega 3?
#5 What is the latest on cholesterol?
#6 What is the white cord next to the yolk?
#7 What is the difference between a fertile and non-fertile egg?
#8 What are blood spots?
#9 What do the dates at the end of the carton mean?
#10 What is the difference between Grade AA and Grade A?
#11 What standards does Chino Valley Ranchers strive for in the eggs it packs?
#12 What is the difference between cage free and free range?
#13 What does Chino Valley Ranchers feed their birds?
#14 What does “certified organic” mean?
#15 How do I read label dates?
#16 What are the product features for the Cage Free white and brown eggs?
#17 What are the product features for the Cage Free Omega-3 eggs?
#18 What are the product features for the Organic Eggs?
#19 What are the product features for the Organic Nutrient Enhanced Eggs?
#20 Are your eggs Kosher?
#21 Are your egg cartons recyclable?
#22 Is Chino Valley Ranch family owned?



EGG FACTS, TIPS AND GENERAL INFORMATION

  • Eggs are nature's most perfect food. They contain all the vitamins you need except for Vitamin C.
  • cage free organic eggs a very high protein food. In fact, the egg has been the standard by which all other proteins are measured.
  • Eggs do contain a moderate amount of fat, but is mostly heart-healthy, unsaturated fatty acids. Eggs are actually low in saturated fat.
  • Eggs are rich in cholesterol, however, the latest studies show that today's large egg contains only 213 mg of cholesterol, compared to 274 mg, as was measured before.
  • Cholesterol is found only in the yolk, and therefore the whites are the leanest choice for protein.
  • The American Heart Association has raised its allowance of eggs from 3 per week to 4, because of the latest findings that show that today's egg has 22% fewer mg of cholesterol.
  • Chickens do not begin to lay eggs until they reach 20 weeks of age, then they will lay about 245 eggs per year.
  • That thick, white ropy substance in the egg white is not an indication of an embryo or a malformation of the egg. It is a natural part of the white, called the chalazae, that helps keep the yolk centered.


#1 How long are eggs good for?

Fresh, uncooked eggs in their shell can be kept refrigerated in their cartons for at least four to five weeks beyond the pack date or two to three weeks past the sell by date.

From the American Egg Board.

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#2 Do I need to refrigerate eggs?

Yes. An egg will age one week for every day it is left out of refrigeration. Placement is also important. Eggs should never be taken out of the carton as the carton protects the eggs from odors in the refrigerator. The carton also has the expiration date on it, so you will know how long you have had the eggs. Please do not store eggs on the door of the refrigerator, this is the warmest place and rattles the eggs when the door opens and closes.

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#3 What is the difference between a brown and white egg?

There is no nutritional or taste difference between brown and white shelled eggs. The breed of hen that laid the egg determines the shell color. The shell color comes from pigments in the outer layers of the shell and may range from white to deep brown.

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#4 What is Omega 3?

Omega-3 fatty acids are found in green, leafy plants, flaxseed, canola and soybean oils, walnuts, fish and shellfish. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are components of lipids, which are organic compounds that function in the body as cellular energy stores and components of cell membranes. PUFA contain more than one double bond and are classified according to the location of the first double bond.

Two PUFA, linoleic acid, an n-6 PUFA and alpha-linolenic acid, an n-3 PUFA are called essential fatty acids because the body cannot synthesize them and they have to be supplied through the diet.

There is accumulating evidence that n-3 PUFA may reduce or inhibit risk factors involved in cardiovascular disease, as well as inflammatory and immune disorders.

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#5 What is the latest on cholesterol?

A study done by Harvard Nurses’ Health Study (1980 – 1994) found that “[e]gg consumption does not measurably raise blood cholesterol levels or have an independent effect on heart disease risk.” A meta-analysis published in the June 1997 American Journal of clinical Nutrition found that dietary cholesterol has little effect on blood cholesterol levels. Instead, the researchers found that saturated fat was the major contributor.

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#6 What is the white cord next to the yolk?

This is called the chalazae and you want to see it! The chalazae are nothing more than twisted egg whites that form a rope like cord. This anchors to the top and bottom of the shell membrane and acts as shock absorbers for the yolk. The chalazae is a sign of freshness, so it is good to see them!

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#7 What is the difference between a fertile and non-fertile egg?

Fertile eggs are cage free and come from hen houses where roosters are added. There are between 10 to 14 hens to every rooster. A single mating can result in a hen producing fertile eggs for up to a week. According to the American Egg Board and the American Dietetics Association, there is no difference in nutritional value. To the naked eye, there is no difference. You must be trained to see the signs that an egg is fertile. There is no higher rate of bloods in a fertile egg. Many people want fertile eggs because they feel this is the most natural environment for the hen.

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#8 What are blood spots?

Blood spots occur naturally in less than 1% of all egg produced. These should be caught in the processing line, but rarely small blood spots slip through. Blood spots can also form after the egg leaves the packing plant. Blood spots most often occur as the yolk ruptures out of the hen’s ovary. A trace amount of blood attaches to the yolk and stays there as the egg is formed. Sometimes, due to rough handling, a blood spot can form after the eggs leave the processing plant. Blood spots are not signs of fertility. Blood spots do not mean that the egg is bad. Small blood spots can be picked off and the egg can still be used.

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#9 What do the dates at the end of the carton mean?

Chino Valley Ranchers places two date codes at the end of every carton. Reading left to right: first, you will find the Julian date the eggs were packed on, followed by the month and day the eggs should be sold by. You can find a Julian date converter online at: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/JulianDate.php

Label format: XXX Month YY Definition: XXX = Julian day that the eggs are packed on. Jan 01 is 001, Dec 31 is 365 in a non leap year. YY = the sell by day, not a year.

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#10 What is the difference between Grade AA and Grade A?

Grade AA eggs have an air cell that measures less than 1/8 of an inch. The shells must be smooth and oval. Grade A eggs have air cell up to 3/16”. Jumbo eggs are never AA.

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#11 What standards does Chino Valley Ranchers strive for in the eggs it packs?

All Chino Valley Ranchers hens are always cage free. We never limit access to feed or water and our hen’s diet never contains hormones, steroids or antibiotics. Our organic hens have outside access and are fed a diet that is certified organic from day one of age. All of our organic operation is inspected yearly and certified by an USDA accredited agency.

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#12 What is the difference between cage free and free range?

Cage free birds are kept in large environmentally controlled buildings. These birds are on the ground and provided roosts and elevated nests for them to lay their eggs in. Free range birds have the same housing as above, but they are also allowed access to the outside. These birds are allowed out to roam and forage for food.

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#13 What does Chino Valley Ranchers feed their birds?

All of our birds are fed a diet that contains no hormones, antibiotics or animal protein. All of our birds are fed a diet of corn, soybeans, limestone, alfalfa and minerals. The omega-3 birds are also fed flax seeds. We have a Doctor of Animal Nutrition who reviews the flock age, lay rate and body weight to make changes in the rations we provide. This is all monitored and checked daily.

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#14 What does “certified organic” mean?

After October 21, 2002, certified organic means that the certifying agency has been approved by the USDA and has met their guidelines for being allowed to certify businesses organic. To Chino Valley, this means that we must have records that trace the birds from day one of age. Track the feed into the houses and the eggs produced. The plant where our eggs are processed must also be inspected. All of our ranches and books are reviewed annually and we are subject to unannounced reviews.

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#15 How do I read label dates?

Chino Valley ranchers places two date codes at the end of every carton. Reading left to right: first, you will find the Julian date the eggs were packed on, followed by the month and day the eggs should be sold by. You can find a Julian date converter online at: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/JulianDate.php

Label format: XXX Month YY

Definition:
XXX = Julian day that the eggs are packed on. Jan 01 is 001, Dec 31 is 365 in a non leap year.
YY = the sell by day, not a year.

Example: 004 Feb 03 means that the eggs are packed on Jan 4th and must be sold by February 3rd.

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#16 What are the product features for the Cage Free white and brown eggs?

  • Feed is 100% vegetarian grain based. We use no meat, blood or bone meal in the feed.
  • Birds are cage free and have about 3.5 times the amount of space per bird over caged birds. Cage free is where the birds are kept in large community houses, this allows the birds to roost and socialize.
  • Birds are not given any antibiotics, steroids or hormones.

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#17 What are the product features for the Cage Free Omega-3 eggs?

  • Feed is 100% vegetarian grain based. We use no meat, blood or bone meal in the feed.
  • Birds are cage free and have about 3.5 times the amount of space per bird over caged birds. Cage free is where the birds are kept in large community houses, this allows the birds to roost and socialize.
  • Birds are not given any antibiotics, steroids or hormones.
  • Eggs contain 225 mg of omega -3, 75 mg of DHA, 5 times the level of vitamin E of a standard egg, 3 times the level of Folic acid and 2 times the levels of Pantothenic Acid.

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#18 What are the product features for the Organic Eggs?

  • Birds are free ranged, this means they can go outside. These birds have about 7 times the space per bird of a caged bird under the current United Egg Producers caged bird guidelines.
  • Birds are fed a strict organic diet from day one of age. This diet is certified organic grains and is certified non-GMO.
  • A third party independent organic certification company inspects all of our records.
  • The eggs are collected, processed and packed to organic standards.
  • The birds are not given steroids, hormones or antibiotics.

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#19 What are the product features for the Organic Nutrient Enhanced Eggs?

  • Feed is 100% vegetarian grain based. We use no meat, blood or bone meal in the feed.
  • Birds are cage free and have about 3.5 times the amount of space per bird over caged birds. Cage free is where the birds are kept in large community houses, this allows the birds to roost and socialize.
  • Birds are not given any antibiotics, steroids or hormones.
  • Eggs contain 225 mg of omega-3, 75 mg of DHA, 5 times the level of vitamin E of a standard egg, 3 times the level of Folic acid and 2 times the levels of Pantothenic Acid.
  • Birds are free ranged, this means they can go outside. These birds have about 7 times the space per bird of a caged bird under the current United Egg Producers caged bird guidelines.
  • Birds are fed a strict organic diet from day one of age. This diet is certified organic grains and is certified non-GMO.
  • A third party independent organic certification company inspects all of our records.
  • The eggs are collected, processed and packed to organic standards.
  • The birds are not given steroids, hormones or antibiotics.

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#20 Are your eggs Kosher?

All of Chino Valley Rancher's eggs are Kosher and can carry the Kosher mark.

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#21 Are your egg cartons recyclable?

All cartons are made from 100% recycled materials and we only use soy-based inks. They are completely recyclable.

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#22 Is Chino Valley Ranch family owned?

We are family owned and operated and are a second generation of family owners. Chino Valley Ranchers was established in 1953.

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